The Andronikov Monastery, located in the Taganka region of the city, was built in 1360 on the steep eastern bank of the Yauza River as part of Moscow's outer defensive ring of monastery-fortresses.
The monastery's most famous monk was the great 14th century icon painter, Andrei Rublev. Rublev is thought to have been born about 1360 and entered the icon workshop of the Trinity Monastery of St. Sergei outside Moscow as a young apprentice. Rublev is said to have retired to the Andronikov Monastery, where he died in 1430 and was buried in the monastery crypt. He was canonized in 1989 by the Russian Orthodox Church and a statue erected to him in the park outside the monastery.
After the Revolution the monastery was turned into a prison camp and later a hostel for housing the workers of the nearby Hammer and Sickle factory.
Although it does not actually possess any icons by the master painter himself (most of which are on display in Moscow's Tretyakov Gallery), it does boast a fine collection of 15th century works by the Rublev School, 17th century works from the ancient Rus city of Novogorod and an 18th century Our Lady of Tikhvin icon from the Donskoi Monastery.
The museum also includes a separate exhibition of decorative and applied art, including jewelry, goblets, coins and religious vestments from medieval Rus onwards.
Three hour tour of monastery, cathedral and museum.
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